Larvicidal evaluation of two novel cationic gemini surfactants against the potential vector of West Nile virus Culex pipiens Linnaeus (Diptera: Culicidae)

Posted by Vector and Vector-borne Disease Committee
March 8, 2023

DR Abdel-HaleemEE BadrAM SamySA Baker

  1. Medical and Veterinary Entomology.

Condensed Abstract:

Novel cationic gemini surfactants were synthesized to assess their insecticidal activities using laboratory and field strains larvae of Culex pipiens L. in comparison to clove oil and spinosad. The two surfactants G1 and G2 showed good insecticidal activities against the laboratory strain with LC50 0.013 and 0.054 ppm, respectively, relative to spinosad with LC50 0.027 ppm, 48 h posttreatment. Although spinosad showed high efficiency against lab strain, it exhibited a high resistance ratio (RR) of 15.1 and 13.1 toward the field strain at 24 and 48 h posttreatment, respectively. The two gemini surfactants have a good safety profile and low RR (RR <5). The results of this study are promising in terms of developing novel, effective, affordable, and safe approaches for mosquito control.

Notes:  Use of similar products is not new, but this work provides perhaps a useful alternative.